1st Canadian Survey Regiment RCA: A Battery- B.Battery- C.Battery- D.Battery- SR Battery

Unit No.10

Extract from: The Story of 1 Canadian Survey Regiment RCA 1939-1945

On 17 March a reconnaissance was made of the Island in front of Nijmegen, and on March 20th, Q Battery left their nice billets and by March 21st had a sound ranging and a flash spotting base on the island. Survey Troop and BHQ were billeted near HQ 49 WR Infantry Division. This was a phoney war. Even the flash spotting post had electric lights. The one new weapon was the V1, some of which passed overhead on their way to Antwerp.

On March 27th RHQ and P.Battery moved from Belgium to concentrated near Oss. C.Troop took over from D.Troop of 1st British Survey and found themselves partly in Holland and partly in Germany, with the base listening across the Rhine between Cleve and Nijmegen. During this period most of 2 Canadian Survey Regiment could be found in Holland and 1 Canadian Survey Regiment in Germany. It wasn't a reunion as planned, but it was good to see the lads we had left behind in England. In preparation for the attack on Arnhem, the island was cleared and the line became firm along the Neder Rijn and Ijssel rivers. BHQ and Survey Troop of Q Battery followed along with 49th Division, first onto the island and then ,as the bridgehead in Arnhem enlarged, acros the Neder Rijn where 5 Canadian Armoured Division moved trough and overran the Germans. 49th Division then moved towards Ede. A line was finally established here, and Flash spotting and Sound Ranging Troops deployed for the last time as it was during that the Germans in Holland surrender. While Q Battery was in support of 49 (WR) Infantry Division, P Battery had been in support of 1 Canadian Division. About the 1st of April E.Troop was put in support of 5 Canadian Armoured Division on the eastern part of the island. About a week later P. Battery Flash Spotting and Sound Raging Troops were rushed up to support the right hook attack on Apeldoorn. Sections got a bit mixed up at this time. An P.Battery flash spotting double post was deployed under Q Battery and Q Battery survey section was deployed under OC P.Battery. Scarcely had sound ranging and flash spotting bases been deployed when Apeldoorn fell.
The Huns position looked very sick at this time and after the famous battle of Otterloo, when 17th Canadian Field Regiment with E.Troop in closest support broke up a final attack, the entire show moved on to the last holding line opposite Amersfoort.

At this time the Dutch Goverment, a bit leery of forcing Jerry too quickly lest the flood the entire country, begged off with the hope that the Germans would surrender in Germany. This actually what did happen, though it was preceded by a truce, in ealry May whereby a number of food convoys were run into Holland. On the 6th of May we stood down for the last of the many. On the 8th of May we did our famous Vitory march. Never was there a more feted convoy, as the Regiment moved up through Amsterdam to Beverwijk to take part in the disarming of the German 25 Army that had been captured in West Holland.

Captain G.J.Leaver D.Battery Commander
(copyright M.Leaver)
Some members of the Regiment