40 Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment: 105 Battery , 140 Battery, 268 Battery: 40mm Bofors


 

4 October 1944: Gun groups depart for Holland. Gun Groups arrive and take over from 15 Div, 105 Battery deploy one troop around Son Bridge, second troop in support of 127 Field Regiment. 140 Battery one troop around Best Bridge. Second troop in support 128 Field Regiment. 268 Battery one troop around Son Bridge, second troop around Sint Oedenrode Bridge.


5 October 1944: Sight clinometers obtained for three guns, one section of C/140 deployed in ground shooting role.


6 October 1944: Further clinometers obtained to equip nine guns. C/140 equipped for ground shooting with three guns sited in ground role and three in alternative ground/AA role. One section of A/105 sited for ground role.

Predicted shoot by 140 on road.

Observed shoots on suspected A/T positions, suspected enemy OP in house, suspected enemy locations.

Observed AOP shoots by 105 on X roads.

 

7 October 1944: Repeat shoots by 140, troop fire on main road, 3629, 3530. Observed shoots on suspected enemy HQ, outbuildings set on fire. Total rounds fired up to 18.00hrs, 689 rounds.

 

8 October 1944: Predicted shoot at the request of 2 nd Seaforths on suspected enemy machine gun position. Harassing shoots by OP on suspected Anti -Tank gun position and suspected HQ. Request by 152 Bde for shoots on main road. 1 Sgt and 1 L/Bdr posted to X (ii) List.

 

9 October 1944:  0845-Harrasing shoot by 140 on main road.

                            1000- Troop fire on suspected enemy HQ in house, Small fire started.

                            1045- Troop fire on suspected A/T gun positions in wood

                            1050- Repeat shoot.

                            1320- Section shoot by 105 on cross roads.

                            1330- Section shoot by 105 on road junction.

                            1430- Repeat shoots

                            1500- Shoot by 140 on suspected mortar post.

                           1555- 105 Section shoot on road through wood.

                           1600- 105 Section shoot on cross roads, total rounds  fired by ground shooting troops

 

10 October 1944: Bad day for observation due to adverse weather conditions. Previously recorded targets engaged by 140 during the morning but due to increasingly heavy rain, causing premature bursts, firing was discontinued at 10.30hrs.

2 Bdrs, 9 Gnrs posted from X (iv) lists, 1 Sgt posted to X (ii) list.

 

11 October 1944: 05.45hrs- Predicted shoot in support of 1 Gordons by A/105 Troop. Reported highly successful. Various harassing tasks carried out during the day, on roads and tracks. Total of 500 rounds expended.

1755- to -1800 A highly successful shoot by 140 in support of 5 th Camerons. Total of 225 rounds fired on enemy positions.

 

12 October 1944: Harassing shoots throughout the day by 105 and 140 on enemy communications.

 

13 October 1944: 10.03hrs to 10.23hrs  Wood believed to contain enemy coy strength fired on by C/140: 94 rounds. Two predicted shoots reported very accurate by 5 th Camerons. Raid by 5 th Camerons a complete success. A total of 439 rounds fired during thr day by 105 and 140 Batteries on suspected enemy areas and communications.

1500- An observed shoot by 368 Battery on Church tower at Oirschot. 75% hits on 88 rounds obtained.

 

14 October 1944: A total of 374 rounds fired throughout the day on harassing tasks including HQ 69 Fusiliers Btn, enemy billeting areas, mortar positions and communications.

 

15 October 1944: 06.33Hrs 193 rounds in three minutes from three guns of A/105 on enemy woods, in support of an exercise by 1 st Gordons. Reported a successful shoot by Gordons.

1315- A predicted shoot by C/140 on targets in support of a raid by 2 Derbyshire Yeomanry. Approx.  500 rounds fired during the day on usual harassing tasks.

 

16 October 1944: 11.00hrs- A successful shoot by E/268 on church and school at Oirschot where enemy movement had been seen earlier. The shoot was fired on request of 154 Bde, 90% hits recorded on 69 round fired.

Usual harassing tasks fired though-out the day. Total of 339 round expended.

 

17 October 1944: Harassing shoots carried out during the day on an enemy Battalion HQ, usual enemy communications and FDLs. Total 476 rounds put down.

 

18 October 1944: A total of 730 fired during the day, including 538 rounds on a Btn HQ and FDLs area in preparation for a loudspeaker programme to be staged by 2 nd Seaforths at 19.00hrs with a view to obtaining prisoners. Balance fired on usual harassing enemy communications.

 

19 October 1944: Approx. 500 rounds on enemy FDLs, mortar positions and communications.

 

20 October 1944: AA Defence of Best Bridge taken over from 140 Battery by Battery of 15 (S) Div.


21 October 1944: AA Defence of Son Bridge  taken over from 105 Battery by Battery of 12 Corps AA.

 

22 October 1944: Field Regiments move to Battle positions north of Sint Oedenrode, one battery each. AA Defence of Sint Oedenrode bridge taken over by Army.

1 L/Bdr and 2 Gnrs wounded.

 

23 October 1944: 1800 rounds fired 9 guns of the Regiment on area Olland in support of 51 Div attack.

 

24 October 1944: Main RHQ moves to Schijndel, batteries deployed around field regiments in area Schijndel.

1 Bdr and 1 Gnr wounded.

 

25 October 1944: 268 Battery deployed around bridge at Sint Michelsgestel, 105 Battery A troop deployed around bridge at Esch, B Troop around bridge at Eendje, 140 Battery C Troop deployed around Munsel Bridge D troop around bridge north of Boxtel.

 

26 October 1944: nothing to report.

 

27 October 1944: 09.00hrs - RHQ moves to area Boxtel.

 

28 October 1944: Div Arty moves to area Udenhout. Corps order to the effect that all trailer troops will be grounded.

Corps order to the effect that all trailer troops will be grounded. One trailer troop of each Battery remains on the the three VP bridges. The Three SP troops take up AA Defence positions around Udenhout. Successful ground shoot at short notice by SP guns of 140 battery on to objective Loon op Zand, held by enemy rear guards.

 

29 October 1944: SP troop of 268 Battery moves in support of 126 Field Regiment, area Loonop Zand, remaining to SP troops AA Defence of Udenhout. F/268 trailer troop relived of Bridge by Army troops.

 

30 October 1944: 126 Field Regiment moves forward, troop 268 Battery remains on defence of Loon op Zand.

 

31 October 1944: 1400hrs- RHQ moves to Div concentration area Helvoirt/Vught.

 

1 November 1944: The three trailer troops deployed around the three field regiment are Helvoirt. Two SP troops taken out for 24hours concentration and maintenance. Third troop SP deployed at Sprangsche Vaart in ground role.

 

2 November 1944: 14.30hrs- 139 rounds ranging fired by E/268 on church at Drunen, railway road crossing and road junction Elshout.

 

3 November 1944: 10.45hrs- In spite of bad weather, causing premature burst and prematures in two barrels, 594 rounds fired during the day by E/268 on previously registered targets (see above) several hits on Drunen church Tower and on railway/crossing.

 

4 November 1944: 16.15hrs- 3390 rounds put down on the above registered targets in support of 51 Div Attack. Widespread conflagration caused in all target areas’

 

5 November 1944: Five ORs in A/105 killed by enemy mines. B/105 deployed around class 40 Bridge over afwateringskanaal. E/268 Class 40 Bridge. A/105 and C/140 concentrated for rest and maintenance. Remaining two troops remain deployed in field gun area.

 

6 November 1944: 51 Handed over to 7 th Armd div. Batteries concentrating for move in Bde Groups.

 

7 November 1944: 152 Bde Group with 140 Bty in support move from present area to take over from 7 th US Armd div on the East flank of the Holland salient.

 

8 November 1944: 140 Bty deploy one troop on 128 gun area, second troop on flank of gun area. V.P. Defence of Canal bridge. 153 Bde Group with 105 Bty in support arrive in area.

 

9 November 1944: 105 Bty, one troop deployed in gun area, second troop with Div HQ as VP. 154 Bde group with 268 Bty arrive in area. 268 one troop deployed in gun area, second troop at bridge.

270 rounds fired by 140 Bty in ground role, on suspected enemy locations and road communications.

 

10 November 1944: 1858 rounds fired by SP troop from each Battery. 105 Bty 530 rounds on enemy communications and cross roads. 140 Bty 370 rounds on road, with a brew up, 358 rounds on other road.

 

11 November 1944: 09.00hrs-16.30hrs; Total of 2620 rounds fired by four troops of the regiment, on different targets.

 

12 November 1944: 12.00hrs-16.30hrs ; 1962 rounds fired in ground role, 475 by 105 Bty on targets A1/A10. 800 rounds by `140 Bty on C3 and C4. 687 by 268 Bty on targets E5 and E6, and on a suspected enemy mortar position at E16.

All shoots in the Someren area have been on predicted data and a check-up during actual shoots by the Air OP has shown how remarkably accurate the gun is, with his instruments adopted by this regiment. I.E a coarse and fine adjustment bearing scale on the lateral traverse, and a gun clinometer for fixing A of S on the vertical.


13 November 1944: 09.00hrs to 16.30hrs; 2574 rounds put down on enemy communications 549 by 105 bty on A1 to A10. 1290 by 140 Bty on C3 and C4, with a brew up observed at C3. 735 by 268 Bty on E5 and E6.

 

14 November 1944:  09.20hrs to 15.00hrs- 2289 rounds put down on enemy communication              

                               16.00hrs to 17.00hrs- 3440 rounds put down on all recorded targets in support of 51 Div attack, 12 corps Operation Ascot.

 

15 November 1944: Nederweert, One troop deployed on Class 40 Bridge, another on twin bridges Class 40 and Class 9. Remaining four troops on gun area. Major D.A. Robinson sustained accidental injury and is posted to X (ii) list.

 

16 November 1944: Heijthuizen, A/105 remain on bridge. C/140 on bridges. Remaining four troops move forward with Field regts and deploy in area Heijthuizen. Lt G.R. Ainsworth wounded by mine explosion and posted to X (ii) list.

 

17 November 1944: B/105 deployed in ground role together with a further section from each of the other batteries. 838 rounds predicted shooting on following targets, Road and tracks junctions. 1 Sgt and 1 Gnr wounded.

 

18 November 1944:Two troops remain on bridges at Nederweert. One troop on Class 40 Canal bridge. Remaining troops supporting Field Regiments NE of Heijthuizen..

 

19 November 1944: Notification received that 113 Army Regiment takes over our commitments on the Nederweert Canal Bridges.

 

20 November 1944: Nederweert Canal Bridge taken over by Army AA, A and C Troops concentrated for maintenance.

 

21 November 1944: Three troops deployed on gun area South of Helden, one on AA defence of Helden, one on AA Defence of Div HQ.

 

23 November 1944: 152 Bde, with 140 bty under command. Depart for forming up area, South of Canal area Heijthuizen.

 

24 November 1944: 14.00hrs-Tac RHQ departs for Nijmegen area. 2000- Tac RHQ in area near Tac div.

 

25 November 1944: 17.30hrs- One troop of 140 Bty deployed around 128 Field Regiment in area Valburg, second troop deployed area Herveld.

Main RHQ joins Tac RHQ in area Valburg. 153 Bde with 105 Bty in support arrives in area. A/105 troop deployed around 127 Field Regiment area.

 

26 November 1944: 14.00hrs- Due to limited space in new Div area, only operationally essential vehicles allowed. Main RHQ moves back to area Mill. 105 Battery HQ and one troop same area.140 Bty main HQ area, Tac HQ with RHQ Tac, Valburg.

 

27 November 1944: An early warning system inaugurated for the three troops on the Island. A 208 receiver at Tac HQ, to receive hostile plots from a 36 broadcaster at 156 A.A.O.R. Nijmegen. Hostile plots re-broadcasted from TAC HQ on a 22 set to 109 receivers at the three THQ, each of which has line round its six gun-sites.

 

28 November 1944: 154 Bde arrives and concentrates in area Valburg/Herveld. 268 Bty who moved under command, remains in Regimental Concentration at Mill.

 

29 November 1944: 49 Div taking over from 50 Div on the right of the Nijmegen salient.

 

30 November 1944: After a night of intermittent shelling by enemy SP guns, a quiet day with nothing to report.

 

1 December 1944: Three troops only deployed on the Island. A/105 troop around 127 Field Regiment. Andelst area. C/140 Troop around 128 Field Regiment Herveld area. Remaining three troops, Bty HQs and main RHQ in concentration area Mill.

 

2 December 1944: Flooding of the Island by the enemy commences, Operation Noah comes into effect. 152 Bde and 128 Field Rgt leave the Island.

 

3 December 1944: Water level continues to rise. C Troop goes into its Noah positions.

 

4 December 1944: A further rise in the water level, 0730- A Troop takes up its Noah positions. 153 Bde and 127 field Regt evacuate the Island. 1530- 126 Fd Regt evacuates the island and positions itself South of the Waal area Beuningen. D Troop deployed around 126 area, supporting 154 Bde, who hold an approximate line along the railway from Elst to approx.. Dodewaard, 1600- Tac RHQ moves to Slijk-Ewijk.

 

5 December 1944: Tac RHQ evacuates the island and joins main area Mill, A/105 and C/140 remain in their positions protecting the “Bund”. D/140 remains with 126 Fd at Beuningen.

 

6 December 1944: Nothing to report, locations remain as follows.

 

7 December 1944: Nothing to report.

 

8 December 1944: Nothing to report.


9 December 1944: Relief arranged for the three operational troops. The twelve gun positions on the island manned by C/140 and A/105 taken over by 268 Bty. D/140 positions around 126 Fd taken over by B/105.

140 BHQ takes over 268’s location at Mill, 268 Tac BHQ takes over from Tac 140 at Slijk-Ewijk.

 

10 December 1944: Nothing to report.

 

11 December 1944: Nothing to report

 

12 December 1944: RHQ 105 BHQ and A Troop move to area Best.

 

13 December 1944: Nothing to report.

 

14 December 1944: Nothing to report.

 

15 December 1944: Nothing to report.

 

16 December 1944: At request of 2 Cdn Corps, 140 Bty move to defend the Class 40 Bridge over River Maas at Ravenstein and Railway bridge under repair, adjoining. C Troop deployed area.

 

17 December 1944: Nothing to report.

 

18 December 1944: Two ME262s engaged by 140 and 268 Btys, three hits claimed on a total of 131 rounds fired.

 

19 December: 1944: Intended move to Div concentration area cancelled

 

20 December 1944: Div moved in Bde groups to concentration area Belgium.

 

22 January 1945: Recces depart for Holland. Route:- Herenthals, Turnhout, Eindhoven

 

23 January 1945: Btys concentrated in Bde areas.

 

24-25 January 1945: Nothing to report.

 

26 January 1945: Main RHQ moves to Mill. Due to difficulty of accommodation, RHQ B Echelon remains at Boxtel.

 

27-28 January 1945: Nothing to report.

 

29 January 1945: B Echelon joins RHQ main.

 

30-31 January 1945: Nothing to report.

 

1 February 1945: Nothing to report.

 

2 February 1945: Operation Order No. 16 issued.

 

3 February 1945: Trailer Troops B, D and F concentrated in Mook with 127, 128 and 126 Field Regiments respectively.

 

4 February 1945: L of B Echelon formed at St Anthonis for personnel who are due to go on leave or courses before February 12 th , - 40 th REME will act as firm base.

140 C Troop and main BHQ moved up to Bruggen. BC’s did a detailed recce of gun positions (suitable for shooting) NE of Mook.

 

5 February 1945: BC’s recce for gun positions (field firing) carried out.

 

6 February 1945: Task Tabels for Op VERITABLE (Pepper Pot & Mustard Pot) prepared and distributed to Batteries.

 

7 February 1945: All main BHQ’s now in Bruggen. During the day guns were dug in and positioned for Operation VERITABLE.

 

8 February 1945:

0500 – Operation VERITABLE opened with Artillery bombardment.

0530 – The 36 guns of the Regiment commenced firing – Fired continuously until 1200 hrs. 15,870 round expended.

1430- 40 th Lt. AA called upon to fire on target ALBERT.

1450 – Ceased fire. Approximately 1,000 rounds expended. 8 Casualties caused as a result of premature by own 4.5 mortars. There was a little enemy shelling retaliation.

 

9 February 1945: All guns now concentrated in close proximity to their field firing positions. Enemy air activity during darkness and bombs were dropped in the vicinity. Spasmodic enemy shelling of the area during darkness.

 

10 February 1945: Nothing to report.

 

11 February 1945: 105 Bty deploy on Route Defence of main road Mook/Gennep. D Troop deployed around 127/128 Fd Gun area. Remaining three troops remain concentrated. 140/268 with RHQ.

 

12 February 1945: Attack going forward, but with extreme difficulties owing to weather conditions. 153 Bde elements reported across River at Gennep.

 

13 February 1945:

0900- D Troop deployed around Gennep Bridge, also providing cover for 6 Fd Regt.

 

14 February 1945:

0815 – Four + ME262’s on photographic reconnaissance, height 5,000ft ME/SW, engaged by 105 and 140 Btys. 221 rounds fired.

1430 – RHQ moves to Tac Div area.

1600 – One ME 262, 6/7,000 ft NW/SE on photographic reconnaissance engaged. 118 rounds fired.

1622 – Five ME 262’s,  5,000 ft NW/SE photo recce engaged. 396 rounds fired.

 

15 February 1945: 268 Bty deploy on route defence of Main 30 Corps Axis, Ottersum/Zelderheide.

 

16 February 1945: D Troop in the night in support of 128 Fd Regt, to gun area.

 

17 February 1945: 152 Bde night attack resulted in capture of Asperden, leaving the Class 40 Bridge at Kessel an AA task. A Troop deployed around the Bridge, B Troop on Hekkens crossroad, Hekkens/Kessel road stretch and 127 Fd Gun area.

 

18 February 1945:

1500 – Attack by 15 (S) Div on Goch, Northern Defence Zone.

1900 – Attack by 51 (H) Div on Southern Defence Zone, Goch.

 

19 February 1945: Goch captured, enemy reported pulling out to Weeze.

 

20 February 1945:

1150 – Two ME 262’s on recce 5,000 ft SW/NE, dropped two bombs. 346 rounds fired.

1200 – One ME 262, 2,500 ft SW/NE – 36 rounds fired.

1725 – Five plus ME 262’s, 4/6,000 ft. 1,082 rounds fired. One plane hit, propulsion unit smoking.

2100 – RAF Bomber force returning from Germany intercepted be enemy night fighters over the area. At least five bombers shot up by interceptors.

 

21 February 1945: General stiffening by the enemy in the immediate Goch area.

 

22 February 1945: 268 Bty deploy on rout defence Asperden/Goch.

 

23 February 1945: SP Troop of 268 deployed in ground role, at request of 154 Bde. Target, enemy OP in Seminary Tower, Siebengewald. Ranging shots fired, but heavy mist and rain prevented further harassing.

 

24 February 1945: 278 rounds harassing fire aimed at enemy OP Seminary Tower, Siebengewald. OP finally demolished by medium artillery. Some retaliatory actions by the enemy in the shape of mortars. One casualty caused.

 

25 February 1945:

2145 – 1961 rounds fired in support of 51 Div Operation, to clear enemy pocket West of Goch.

 

26 February 1945: Further attack put in on Goch pocket. No ground shoot called for in support due to confused nature of fighting.

 

27 February 1945: Mopping up of last remaining strong points continues.

52 (L) Div taking over, 51 to rest  in its present positions. Troops remain in their deployment area, on troop at a time being stood down for care and maintenance.

 

28 February 1945: Defence of Goch taken over by Army AA.

 

1 March 1945: Regiment deployed in Div Rest area. Troops on route defence, Kessel/Asperden. Bty HQ’s located in Headquarters area, Zelderheide.

 

2 March 1945: 07.45hr – One ME 262 over area on photo recce: 4500 ft, flying West to East. 9 round fired by two guns of P/268.

Some enemy air activity over Goch, where AA defences were seen to open up.

 

3 March 1945: Nothing to report.

 

4 March 1945: The Prime Minister visits Div display to massed pipes and drums. 140 Bty deployed to give cover area Grafenthal.

 

5-6 March 1945: Nothing to report.

 

7 March 1945: Recce parties to Div concentration area Dutch/Belgian frontier.

 

8 March 1945:17.40hrs – Regiment moves to concentration area.

 

9 March 1945: Regiment now concentrated in area between Bocholt and Loozen.

 

10 March 1945: Training now started throughout the Regiment.

 

1 April 1945: 12 M16’s received (White Scout Car – half tracked with 4. .5 Browning MG’s in a power operated turret).

Regiment returning 6 SP Bofors and 6 trailer Bofors. Distribution of M16’s – two per Troop.

268 Guns now concentrated.

 

2 April 1945: RHQ now moved to SE of Isselburg. 105 S Troop moved forward for protection of Isselburg.

 

3 April 1945: 140 Bty took over from 105 Bty protections of Isselburg. As Brigades move forward Batteries will automatically become brigaded -153 Bde (with 105 Bty) has prior movement.

105 Bty guns now concentrated North of Isselburg.

 

4 April 1945: Battery and RHQ. Recce parties went forward to area East of Enschede. REME now at SE of Isselburg.

 

5 April 1945: 105 Battery moved forward with 153 Bde to area of Schuttorf. Guns deployed round town. All Batteries now revert to command of the CO.

 

RHQ now at Enschede. 268 Battery concentrated in area of Enschede.

 

7 April 1945: RHQ East of Oldenzaal.  105 Bty A Troop concentrated South of Elbergen. BHQ – B Troop giving protection to 127 Field Regt.

268 Bty F Troop protecting Schuttorf. E Troop protecting ….(?)

140 Battery concentrated in area Enschede.

Warning order received for Regt to take over 3 rd (B) Div commitments at Lingen.

 

8 April 1945: 105 A Troop protecting bridge over River Ems North of Elbergen.

B Troop protecting 127 Field Regt in  area …

Tac RHQ moved.

140 Recce parties now in Lingen area.

 

9 April 1945: RHQ now at Lingen.

140 Bty in action – C Troop giving protection to two bridges at Altenlingen – One over the Ems River and the other over the Dortmund – Ems Canal.