British troops of the 19th Leaflet Unit, 21st Army Group, preparing leaflet artillery shells for firing on German troops, taken in Roermond

PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS

For short range combat propaganda, another technique was used. The shooting of leaflets with artillery grenades. This method was often used in North-Africa (1942/43) and after D-day on the front in Europe.For the purpose, smoke artillery shells were used. The smoke-cartridge was removed and replaced by small roles of up to 400 leaflets. The british used a lot of 25 pounder grenades. See the picture of a unit filling grenades with leaflets The Americans used lots of 105 and 155 mm howitzer shells in a similar way. For more info about all kinds of leaflets go to: http://ww2propaganda.eu/start.html or http://www.psywar.org/forum

 

LEAFLETS FIRED BY ARTILLERY UNITS IN THE NETHERLANDS

 

28 September 1944, 33 Field Regiment: 101 Battery fired 8 shells containing leaflets called for surrender , no results although shels burst well (area Someren)

 

29 September 1944, 131 Field Regiment: 18.45Hrs Regiment fired six Propaganda shells on Reusel area. No details.

 

29 September 1944, 133 Field Regiment: 18.45Hrs Regiment fired six Propaganda shells on Reusel area. No details.

 

30 September 1944, 22 Armoured Brigade HQ: 17.00hrs Propaganda Leaflets fired into enemy lines with safe conduct passes.

 

13 October 1944. 153 Field Regiment: The Regiment fired its first propaganda shoot! (South-East of Nijmegen). The pamphlets were placed in smoke shells, replacing the smoke, and the papers were shot out of the base in the same way. They were written in German and Polish and were specially directed to the German 84 Division which was known to be on the front. Only known results were nine prisoners!. Before the Regiment left his front there were two other propaganda shoots, but from these no known results were ever heard.

 

15 October 1944, 64 Medium Regiment: 11.00Hrs Targets as preliminary to American Propaganda shoot:

13.50hrs area P5 Erlecom, 13.55hrs area P6 Zandpolt 14.00hrs area P4 and P7 Leuth. No details.

 

17 October 1944, 6 Field Regiment: 09.30hrs Propaganda area Dodewaard shoot by C Troop 74 Battery. No details.

 

18 October 1944, 6 Field Regiment: Further Propaganda shoot on area Dodewaard  report on earlier shoot- German officer sent to warn deserters they would be shot. Firer prevented immediate surrender but several PWs came in later, No details.

 

18 October 1944, 33 Field Regiment: Red smoke target indication "Joker" area amd finished off the remaining supply of Propaganda shells, fired from area Overloon. No lealfet info

 

21 October 1944, 7 Medium Regiment: 17.00hrs The artillery of 82 US Airborne Division indulged in a Propaganda shoot and this regiment fired 6 concentrations in support. No leaflet info

 

21 October 1944, 55 Field Regiment: 17.00hrs Propaganda shoot with 153 Regiment for 82 US Airborne Division. No leaflet info

 

22 October 1944, 90 Field Regiment: 12.00hrs Propaganda shell programme, one salvo at dusk to be fired at each of the following places. fired from Bemmel areas: Angeren, Flieren, Gent, Haalderen and Kommerdijk. No leaflet number.

14.45hrs Approx 24 Propaganda shell fillings area being sent. Should be there in half hour (arrived 15.30hrs)

16.22hrs Detail of Section Patrol from 1 Hampshire night 22/23 to look for POW after pamphlet shelling.

17.52hrs Propaganda shells fired.

 

25 October 1944, 74 Field Regiment: Propaganda shells fired, no target area or leaflet number given.

 

25 October 1944, 153 Field Regiment: Propaganda shells fired, no target area or leaflet number given.

 

2 November 1944, 124 Field Regiment: 13.20hrs No action taken as 101 A/B arranging for leaflet and Broadcast shoot.

21.10hrs Fire plan (Susana and Diana) consisting of Leaflet shoot. No details

 

4 November 1944, 124 Field Regiment: 08.55hrs Results of Susana and Diana, 4 PWs came over.

17.10hrs 1st part of Propaganda shoot carried out, from Valburg, no target area or leaflet number given.

17.46hrs Propaganda shoot completed and effective, wind gives excellent spread.

 

7 November 1944, 90 Field Regiment: 14.20hrs Propaganda shells to be fired as follow: areas Angeren, Bemmel Polder and Elst. No leaflet number given.

14.45hrs Shells to be collected from RHQ/124 Field Regiment, Valburg.

21.50hrs Propaganda shell to be fired at first light 8 November.

 

7 November 1944, 124 Field Regiment: 17.32hrs Propaganda shoot from Valburg area, to Rijkerswoerd (Arnhem) area.

 

8 November 1944, 90 Field Regiment: 06.50hrs Now firing propaganda shell, no target area or leaflet number given.

 

14 November 1944, 151 Field Regiment: Regiment received 60 Propaganda shells and fired 21 of those on 7 enemy localities, selected by IO 159 Bde. Propaganda shell shot just before dusk to enable Germans to pick the leaflets up after dark without being observed by NCOs.

 

14 November 1944, 33 Field Regiment, 101 Field Battery: 17.00hrs A Troop fired 2 Propaganda shells at each of the following areas.

 

15 November 1944, 90 Field Regiment: E Troop have just fired 2 Propaganda shells at Haalderen area. No details.

 

15 November 1944, 50 (N) Division Artillery fired 15 Artillery propaganda shells over eastern part of "Island" in hope presuading desterters.

 

17 November 1944, 74 Field Regiment: 17.00hrs Propaganda shell fired,from Weurt area targets east of Dyke from Elst to Haalderen, orchard at Aam and Angeren Polder.

 

17 November 1944, 90 Field Regiment: Propaganda targets Haalderen area, Collect 12 shells from 124 Field Regiment. No details.

 

17 November 1944, 124 Field Regiment: 16.45 Propaganda leaflets fired from Valburg area, no target area or leaflet number given.

 

27 November 1944, 74 Field Regiment: 17.20 Propaganda shells fired:

296 Battery fired 7 shells into areas Elst,Aam,T Zand.

440 Battery fired 6 shells into areas Aam and T Zand.

452 Battery fired 7 shells into area Bemmel, Angeren Polder,Flieren,Valburg.

 

27 November 1944, 90 Field Regiment: 12.45 Propaganda shoot carried out on 16 November will be repeated today 17.00-17.30 today. Collect shells from 124 Field, 16.00-1630hrs. No details.

17.50hrs The NCO sent to collect propaganda shells could not find 124 though map ref given by RHQ was correct.

18.00hrs Propaganda shoot will probably be some time tomorrow night unless you hear differently.

18.05hrs Amn for propaganda shoot will be collected tonight.

 

28 November 1944, 90 Field Regiment: 16.05hrs shot on Propaganda shell, 16.15hrs Request instructions regading Propaganda shell. 16.16hrs Fire propaganda shell at first light 29 Nov, if fine or at dusk 29 Nov. No details.

 

29 November 1944, 90 Field Regiment: 07.20hrs Propaganda shell shot. No details.

 

17 December 1944, 143 Field Regiment Propaganda shells fired from Lent for 56 Brigade.

 

18 January 1945, 190 Field Regiment: An original item in the day's limited hooting was the firing of some propaganda shells over the Maas, Our OPs were unfortunately unable to observe any reactions.

 

20 January 1945, 143 Field Regiment: 17.20hrs 30 Propaganda shells were fired during night on Heteren, Randwijk and Renkum. These tell Boche what is happening in the Ardennes and on the Eastern Front (Ag.G.26a see Leaflets).

 

21 January 1945, 69 Field Regiment Propaganda shells fired giving Bosches the news of the fighting in the Ardennes (The Island area) (Ag25a see Leaflets)

 

22 January 1945, 143 Field Regiment: 19.30hrs 388 Battery fired Propaganda shells on same areas as previously.

 

22 January 1945, 33 Field Regiment: 12 Propaganda shells fired during afternoon (from area Wanssum)

 

23 January 1945 ,151 Field Regiment 124 battery shot Propaganda shell into  Herten, Merum and Roermond during the morning. This filmed by AFPU unit. No details.

 

24 January 194, 151 Field Regiment: 13.00hrs 124 battery shot Propaganda shell on Merum, Leerup and Roermond. No details.

 

26 January 1945, 33 Field Regiment: Propaganda shells fired on 3 positions

 

30 January 1945, 151 Field Regiment: 11.00hrs Propaganda shell fired by 124 battery on the ïsland Merum and Ool. No details.

 

31 January 1945, 25 Field Regiment: Regiment fired 12 Propaganda shells, one at each of 12 selected map refs, fired from Maasbree, No details.

 

2 February 1944, 25 Field Regiment: Fired 12 rounds Propaganda shells. No details.

 

2 February 1945, 143 Field Regiment: 17.00hrs Propaganda leaflets fired on Zetten. No details.

 

6 February 1945, 25 Field Regiment: 12/25 Battery fired 12 rounds Propaganda shells. No details.

 

7 February 1945, 90 Field Regiment: 11.45 What targets are being engaged by propaganda shells this evening?

 

13 February 1945, 79 Field Regiment: 16.00hrs Propaganda shell fired from Overloon area at Ooijen.No details (but possible AgG 39A).

 

13 February 1945, 90 Field Regiment: 12.00hrs There will be some more propaganda shoots carried out. Same targets half scale, other arrangements at 2IC discretion. Somebody will be coming to see us about it.

 

16 February 1945, 90 Field Regiment: Fired 12 Propaganda shells into Zevenbergen area, 3 specimens found out of date, referred to the Ardennes offensive.

 

25 February 1945, 25 Field Regiment:  Regiment moved to Venray area, fired 100 rounds Propaganda shells, (possible the Goch leaflet)

 

3 March 1945, 90 Field Regiment:  07.10Hrs Propaganda shoot completed. No details.

 

8 March 1945, 90 Field Regiment: 465 Battery 17.30hrs, we shall be firing propaganda Ser 3 and 5 later this evening.

 

21 March 1945, 74 Field Regiment: 452 Battery fired Propaganda pamphlets on Wageningen and Opheusden  at last night.(see Opheusden lealflet)

 

26 March 1945, 74 Field Regiment: Propaganda pamphlets in DUTCH fired on Randwijk and Wageningen.

 

6 April 1945, 12 Canadian Field Regiment: From this intermiate position the 43 Battery went into action for a short while to fire propaganda shells into Zupthen. The propaganda was brought to us by a rep from Army.

 

9 April 1945, 11 Canadian Field Regiment: 40 Battery disembowelled 100 rounds of smoke and under direction of a Dutch Propaganda expert, refilled them with a warning to the citizens of Geitenkamp (Arnhem) to leave within 12 hours or else, these were fired about 03.00hrs 10 April and the 'or else" followed at 13.15hrs.These were fired from area t'Zand. 

(Geitenkamp  leafet see leaflets).

 

15 April 1945, 2nd Field Regiment RCA 8th Battery: outskirts of Apeldoorn The 10th Battery left behind in this area to fire propaganda and did not come up until 23.59hrs.

 

18 April 1945, 90 Field Regiment: 358 to retain four Propaganda shells for firing into Dussen area this evening and to deliver 13 to 465 Battery for following targets: Kerkdriel and Hoenzadriel all to be fired at dusk. 21.28hrs shoot completed.

 

25 April 1945, 74 Field Regiment: 10.000 Propaganda pamflets fired last night, printed in Dutch. fired from Lijnden into Wageningen.

 

 

          FOR KNOWN USED LEAFLETS IN HOLLAND SEE   "LEAFLETS" TOPIC